Friday, April 25, 2008

Ninety Six, South Carolina

Ninety Six National Historic Site, Island Ford Road
The South Carolina settlement of Ninety Six was established in the early 1700s. It was named by traders, who (mistakenly) believed that it was 96 miles from Keowee, the nearest Cherokee settlement. The town figured prominently in the Anglo-Cherokee War and also in the Southern Campaign of the American Revolution. In 1775, the first land battle of the Revolution south of New England was fought there. Ninety Six became a Loyalist stronghold early in the war and was fortified by the British in 1780. From May 22 to June 18, 1781 Major General Nathanael Greene, with 1,000 patriot troops, staged the longest (yet unsuccessful) siege of the Revolutionary War against the 550 American Loyalists who were defending Ninety Six.